Open Access, Open Data, Open Software?
Proprietary Tools and Their Restrictions
The following article addresses the implementation of Open Science principles in the research landscape of the humanities in general and Digital Humanities in particular. After shortly discussing the relationship between the humanities and Digital Humanities, it goes into what constitutes Open Science principles and why their implementation should be in the interest of (humanities) scholars, using the example of Open Access, the aspect of Open Science that has been implemented and regulated most widely to date. Open Science principles, if taken seriously, determine the priorities in tool development and usage in a way that makes, e.g., inclusivity, openness and fairness an imperative. This change of focus in tool development has a profound impact on digital practices. Digital Practices in the humanities by far exceed what we now call Digital Humanities, but, as this article aims to show, the discourses and questions prevalent in Digital Humanities can be of aid when addressing the questions the humanities have to solve in reflecting on and understanding the change of research practices through digitalization. The research landscape of Digital Humanities and the humanities differs in some decisive points due to different focal points and challenges that have to be faced. The frictions this causes can be made productive by initiating meta-reflections on the shape of the humanities to come.